Top Kitchen Cabinet Parts to Which to Pay Attention

kitchen cabinets design

When shopping for new cabinets, your top concern is probably the style and color. However, new cabinets are a major investment, so you need to know some practical things as well if you want to make the most of your investment. Here are the top parts of kitchen cabinets to which you need to pay attention.

Cabinet box and frames

cabinet box diagramKitchen cabinets are basically boxes with doors. What differentiates good quality kitchen cabinets from something that will fall apart on you in a few months are the materials and construction. Take note of the following information when looking over sample cabinets in the Cabinet Land showroom.


You may not be aware that the boxes of modern kitchen cabinets are not usually all made of solid wood. The main box is usually plywood, medium density fiberboard (MDF), or particleboard. Any solid wood is usually found only on the face-frame, and none if it is a frameless cabinet. The panels usually have a wood veneer, lamination, or thermofoil cover.
In some instances, the box may be stainless steel. It is a novelty and a good choice for modern and industrial kitchens as it is very durable and does not have the problem of wood cabinets with contracting and expanding with changes in the ambient temperature. You do have a problem with cleaning, as stainless steel picks up fingerprints quite easily.


The important point about the cabinet box and frame construction is the method of reinforcement to keep the shape of the box. This applies to cabinets that use wood or wood alternatives, and not stainless steel. Several methods are in play, one of which is the use of triangular brackets placed in the corners. These brackets or braces may use plastic, solid wood, MDF, or particleboard. The manufacturer may also choose a beam brace fitted in a dado slot (trench or housing) cut on inner part of the side panels, running the length of the box from front to back, or running along the back. Either method is effective for keeping the box rigid. What you do not want to see is the panels kept in place with adhesive, which keeps the wood from safely expanding and contracting.


drawer dovetail jointsIn most cases, purchasing new cabinets means new drawers as well. You want to be able to inspect them as well before purchasing.


Like cabinet boxes, drawers are mostly made of MDF, plywood, and particleboard, although you may find some more expensive varieties made of solid wood. This makes practical sense as drawers are subject to repeated closing and opening. Most drawer fronts are either MDF coated in thermofoil, or solid wood. Some manufacturers also offer options to put stainless steel drawers for wood cabinets, disguising the material with an epoxy coat.


The construction of a drawer plays a big part in making it durable over time. The typical drawer has one bottom, front, and back panel plus two side panels, and possibly an additional front piece that attaches to the front panel. Assembling the separate panels involve one of several methods. The strongest method is using dovetail joints that tightly join the drawer corners. Another joinery method is by driving dowels down into matching holes to connect one panel to another. Trenches, housing, or dado slots may be cut into the bottom panels to accommodate the side panels, a much stronger method than gluing or nailing them together.

Cabinet doors

different cabinet doorsKitchen cabinets are not complete without the doors. Otherwise, it would be open shelves. Find out what features you can identify for your selected cabinet line.


Wood cabinet lines usually have solid wood cabinet doors, although engineered wood alternatives such as plywood, MDF, and particleboard covered in thermofoil, laminate, or veneer are also popular. MDF tends to be the most popular of these solid wood alternates because it is possible to cut, route, and finish MDF much as you would solid wood, while particleboard tends to fray and chip. The only thing you cannot do with MDF is stain it as it has no grain, which is why it often has some type of surface cover or paint.


Wood cabinet lines have doors that are either slab or framed. A framed door has separate panels to make up an outer frame and the center, which may or may not be a raised panel. When assembled, each panel fits into the appropriate slots cut along the inside of the frame with a bit of wiggle room to allow for expansion and contraction of the wood. This is referred to as floating panels.
Unlike framed doors that have several panels that fit together without adhesive, the slab door is one solid piece of wood or engineered wood. The slab may actually be several pieces of wood joined by an adhesive to form a solid piece. If the slab is not solid wood, the lack of graining is hidden with a laminate, thermofoil, or veneer cover.

Cabinet shelves

cabinet shelf parts diagramA fully functional feature of kitchen cabinets are the shelves, which have to be just as durable if not more so than the box itself. It holds much of the weight of the cabinet’s contents, and they need strategic placement to maximize the space. Here is some information you should know about this underrated aspect of your kitchen cabinets.


Most cabinet lines will make shelves from MDF, particleboard, or plywood. They typically have some type of laminate or wood veneer to make them easy to clean and protect core material. The shelf thickness may range from ½ to ¾ inches. Thicker shelves are better for wide cabinets to keep them from sagging.


The most important aspect of the cabinet shelf construction is the reinforcement. Most cabinetmakers do not include a reinforcing strip or rail to the shelves for mass-produced cabinets. The rail is a strip of wood that runs the length of the front of the shelf, or about ½ inch deep on the underside of the shelf, running all the way to both side panels. This helps make the shelf more durable and minimize sagging. If you find them in your RTA or semi-custom cabinets, it is a sign of good quality construction. You can of course specify this feature for custom cabinets, and you should.


You don’t have to be an expert to choose good quality kitchen cabinets. However, these general guidelines should give you a good idea to what you need to pay attention. It also helps if you find a reliable supplier and work closely with them. Cabinet Land Kitchen and Beyond work only with the best cabinet brands at the best prices compared to our competitors such as Advance Cabinets and Handsome Cabinets. We also offer better free consultation services and quotes, so you know exactly what to expect from your purchase.
We are a local remodeling company with a showroom located in Schaumburg, Illinois. Visit us today to see what we have to offer. We service Chicago land and have the expertise and resources to complete virtually any type of kitchen cabinets – ON TIME and ON BUDGET with top quality craftsmanship that will exceed your expectations.